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斯威士兰
发布时间:2006-02-10   文章来源:秘书处
 概 况
General

国 名:斯威士兰王国
Official name: The Kingdom of Swaziland

国 旗:长方形旗面。旗中间为一紫红色长方形,上下分别饰有黄色窄条。旗地上部和下部均为蓝色长方形,全旗以紫红色居中,从里到外以黄、蓝两色对称排列。紫红色长方形中央的图案是一面盾,二支矛和一杆棍棒。紫红色象征历史上的无数次战斗;黄色象征丰富的矿藏资源;蓝色象征和平。

国 徽:盾徽。中央设置一个具有地方特色的皮革盾,称埃马索特沙斗士盾牌。盾牌背后竖着两把矛和王室的标志--饰有缨穗的权杖。盾的两侧是狮子和大象,上端是一个用蓝黄颜色编织成的埃马索特沙斗士头冠,下部的绶带上写着“我们是攻不破的城堡”。

自然地理:位于非洲东南部,为内陆国。北、西、南和东南与南非接壤,东同莫桑比克交界。地处南非高原东南边缘德拉肯斯山脉的东坡。东部边境的莱邦博山脉将它与莫桑比克沿海平原隔开。境内从东到西由海拔100米递升为1800米,形成面积大致相等的低、中、高三级梯状地带。境内多河流,科马带河(Komati)、乌姆贝卢齐河(Umbeluzi)、大乌苏图河(Great Usutu)、恩瓜武马河(Ngwavuma)、流经境内向东流入印度洋。属亚热带气候。年平均气温西部为16℃,东部为22.2℃。10-3月为雨季,4-9月为旱季。年降水量西部为1150-1900毫米,东部为500-700毫米。
Location: The kingdom of Swaziland is a land-locked country in southeast ern Africa, bordered by South Africa to the north, west, south and south-east, and Mozambique to the east. Swaziland is topographically part of the South African Plateau and is separated from the Mozambique coastal plain by the Lebombo Range at its eastern border. The country is generally divided into three well-defined regions of nearly equal breadth. From the low veld in the east, there is a step-line ascent westward through the Middle Veld to the High Veld in the west. The country is well-watered with four large rivers flowing eastward across it into the India Ocean. These are the Komati and the Umbeluzi Rivers in the North, the Great Usutu River in the center and the Ngwavuma in the South.
  Swaziland is a subtropical country and the climate varies sharply from region to region. The high Veld in the west has a humid climate with an annual average rainfall 1150-1900 mm and the Low Veld in the east is tropical and semiarid with 500-700mm, rainfall in an average year. the temperatures range from 16℃ in the west to 22.2℃ in the east. The wet season lasts from October to March while the dry season lasts from April to September.

面 积:17363平方公里
  土地利用-耕地11.9%;永久牧场68.9%;森林和林地6.0%;其它13.2%;人均可耕地-0.6英亩;陆界线长-534公里。
Area: 17,363 sq. km.
 Land use-11.9% cropland, 68.9% permanent pasture, 6.0% forests and woodland, 13.2% other; arable land per capita-0.6 acres; land borders-534 km.

人 口:100.8万(2000年)
  密度-每平方公里58人(2000年);城市人口占31.2%;年增长率2.5%(2000年),平均寿命63.8岁(2000年)。
Population: 1,008,000 (2000)
  Density-58 inhabs. per sq. km. (2000); urban pop.-31.2%; growth rate-2.5% per year (2000); avg. life expectancy: 63.8 years (2000).

首 都:姆巴巴内;人口:5万多人(2000年)
Capital: Mbabane; Population: more than 50,000 (2000)

时 差:比格林尼治时间早2小时,比北京时间晚6小时。
Time: 2 hours earlier than GMT; 6 hours later than Beijing Time.

语 言:英语和斯瓦蒂语为官方语言。
Language: English and Siswati are the official languages.

民 族:斯威士人占90%,祖鲁人和通加人占6%,白种人占2%,其他占2%
Ethnic Composition: Swazi 90%, Zulu and Tsonga 6%, Whites 2%, other 2%.

宗 教:基督教占60%,非洲原始宗教占40%
Religion: Christian 60%, African indigenous beliefs 40%.

货 币:1里兰吉尼=100分;1美元=6埃马兰吉尼(1999年)(复数为埃马兰吉尼,缩写为E)
Currency: 1 lilangeni=100 cents; 1 U.S.dollar= 6 emalangeni (1999) (plural-emalangeni(E)).

节 日(2001年):新年(1月1日)、复活节(4月13-16日)、姆斯瓦蒂三世诞辰(4月19日)、国旗日(4月25日)、劳动节(5月1日)、耶稣升天节(5月13日)、已故国王索布扎二世诞辰(7月22日)、独立日(9月6日)、联合国日(10月24日)、圣诞节和节礼日(12月25-26日)。
Holidays (2001): Jan. 1 (New Year's Day), Apr. 13-16 (Easter), Apr. 19 (Birthday of King Mswati III),   Apr. 25 (National Flag Day), May 1 (Workers' Day), May 13 (Ascension Day), July 22 (Birthday of the late King Sobhuza), Sep. 6 (Somhlolo-Independence-Day), Oct. 24 (United Nations Day), Dec.25-26 (Christmas and Boxing Day).

行政区划:全国划分为4个区。

    区(首府):霍霍(姆巴巴纳)、卢邦博(斯泰吉)、曼齐尼(曼齐尼)、希塞尔韦尼(恩赫兰加诺)。
Administrative Districts; 4 Districts.
  Districts (Capital)-Hhohho (Mbabane), Lubombo(Steki), Manzini(Manzini), Shiselweni (Nhlangano).

主要城市:姆巴巴纳、曼齐尼、恩赫兰加诺、斯泰吉、赫拉蒂库卢。
Major Cities: Mbabane, Manzini, Nhlangano, Siteki, Hlatikulu.
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