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库克群岛
发布时间:2006-02-07   文章来源:秘书处
 概 况
General

国 名:库克群岛
Offical Name: Cook Islands

地理位置:库克群岛位于南太平洋,西为美属萨摩亚,东为法属波利尼西亚。它包括13个有人居住和2个无人居住的岛屿,分布在200多万平方公里的海面上,形成2个岛群。北部7个岛为地势平坦的珊瑚岛,南部8个岛为隆起的火山岛,土地肥沃。全境属热带雨林气候,12月至3月气候炎热潮湿,多暴风雨。4月至11月气候温和平稳。年均气温24℃,年均隆水量2134毫米。
Location: Cook Islands, comprising 13 inhabited and two unimnabited islands, and ;ocated in the Southern Pacific, Ocean, The territory lies between with American Samoa, to the west, and French Polynesia, to the east. The Islands extends over about 2m. sq. km. of ocean, and form two groups. The seven islands of the Northern cook are all atolls, with poor soil, and eight islands of the Southern cook are all vdcanic islands, which are fertile. Cook has a tropical rainforest climate From December to March, the climate is warm and humid, with the possibility of severe stoms. From April to November, the weather is Mild and equable. The annual Auerage temparature is 24℃while the annual Averag rainfallis 2134 mm.

面 积:234平方公里
  土地利用—全国分为2个岛群,北部是地势平坦的珊瑚礁,南部为隆起的火的烷宕岛。土地肥沃,适于种植热带和亚热带作物。
Area: 234 sq.km.
 There are two islands groups: the Northern Cooks which are all low lying atolls, and the Southern Cooks which are all volcanic islands. The territory is fertile and capable of growing many kinds of tropical and sub-tropical products.

人 口:16000人(1998)
密度—每平方公里80.6人;年增长率2.51%。
Population: 16,000 (1998),
density-80.6 inhbs. per sq.km., growth rate per year-2.51%

首 都:阿瓦鲁阿(位于拉罗通加岛)
Capital: Avarua (on Rarotonga)

时 差:比格林尼治时间早10.5小时;比北京时间早2.5小时
Time: 10.5 hours earlier than GMT; 2.5 hours earlier than Beijing Time

货 币:100分=1库克群岛元=1新西兰元;1美元=1.92新元(1999年12月),1995年宣布库克群岛元将不再流通。
Currency: Local and New Zealand Currencies, which are at par with each other, are both legalltender. 100 cents=1 Cook Islands dollar ($CT)=1 New Zealand dollar; 1 US$=$NZ 1.92 (Dec.1999).In Mid-1995, it was annouced that the Cook Islands dollar was to be withdrawn from circulation.

语 言:英语为官方语言,但也使用波利尼西亚语言
Language: The official language is English. But Polynesian language are also spoken.

民 族:几乎全为毛利人,语言及传统习惯都与新西兰的毛利人相近,同为波利尼西亚人的一个分支。
Ethnic Composition: almost entirely Maori who are a branch of Polynesia and close in language and tradition to the New Zealand Maori.

宗 教:主要信基督教,70%的人属于库克群岛公理会基督教会以及天主教。
Religion: The principal religion is Christianity, with about 70% of the population adhering to the Cook Islands Congregational Christian Church, and Roman Catholic.

节日(2001):新年(1月1日)、复活节(4月13日至16日)、澳新军团日(4月25日,1915年澳新军团在加利波利登陆纪念日)、6月4日(女王诞辰日)、8月5日(宪法日)、圣诞节(12月25日)、节礼日(12月26日)。
Holidays (2001): Jan.1 (New Year's Day), Apr.13-16 (Easter), Apr.25 (ANZAC Day anniversary of 1915 landing at Gallipoli), Jun.4 (Queen's Official Birthday), Aug.5 (Constitution Day),Dec. 25 (Christmas Day), Dec. 26 (Boxing Day).
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