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法属波利尼西亚
发布时间:2006-02-07   文章来源:秘书处
 概 况
General

国 名:法属波利尼西亚
Official Name: Territory of French Polynesia

自然地理:位于太平洋南部,地处澳大利亚和南美洲之间,西邻库克群岛,西北为莱恩群岛(基里巴斯的一部分)。它由120个群岛组成,包括社会群岛、土阿莫土群岛和马克萨斯群岛等。属热带雨林气候,11月-4月为雨季,年均降水量为1625毫米。年均气温20-29℃。
Location: French Polynesia is lying the South Pacific Ocean, midway between South America and Australia.Its nearest neighbours are the Cook Islands, to the west, and the Line Islands (part of Kiribati),to the northwest. It comprises several scattered groups of island, including the Society Archipelago, the Tuamotu Archipelago, the Marquesas, 120 islands in all. The average monthly temperature throughout the year varies betwween 20℃ and 29℃, and most rainfall occurs beween November and April, the average annual precipitation being 1,625 mm.

面 积:4167平方公里。
Area: 4,167 sq.km.

土地利用—耕地占20.5%;永久牧场占5.5%;森林和林地占31.4%;其他占42.6%。
land use -20.5% cropland, 5.5% permanent pasture; 31.4% forest and woodland; 42.6% other.

人 口:227800万(1999)
密度-每平方公里52.7人(1997);城市人口占73.4%;年增长率1.77%(1992);平均寿命—71.5岁(1990-1995)。男性平均寿命—69.5岁;女性平均寿命-73.7岁。
Population: 227,800
density-52.7 inhabits. per sq. km.(1997); urban pop. -73.4%; growth rate -1.77% per year(1992); avg. life expectancy -71.5 years (1990-1995 ).avg. life expectancy (male )-69.5 years ; avg. life expectancy ( female )-73.7 years .

首 都:帕皮提;人口—约23555万(1998)
Capital: Papeete; population -23,555

时 差:比格林尼治时间晚11小时;比北京时间晚19小时。
Time: 11 hours later than GMT; 19 hours later than Beijing Time.

语 言:官方语言为法语,通用波利尼西亚语。
Language: The offcial language is French, and Polynesian languages are spoken by the indigenous population.

民 族:波利尼西亚人占85%,其余占15%。
Ethnic Composition: Polynesian-85%, other-15%.

宗 教:55%的居民信奉基督教新教,34%信奉罗马天主教,11%信奉其它宗教。
Religion: Protestant -55%, Roman Catholic -34%, other -11%.

货 币:1太平洋法郎=100分;1美元=93.84太平洋法郎(1996年9月30日)。
Currency: France de la Comptoirs Francaise du Pacifique (CFPF), 1 CFPF=100 cents; 1 US dollar=93.84 (Sept. 30 1996).

节 日(2001年):新年(1月1日)、复活节后的星期一(4月16日)、劳动节(5月1日)、解放日(5月4日)、耶酥升天日(5月24日)、圣神降临节(6月4日)、法国国庆(7月14日)、停战日(11月11日)、圣诞节(12月25日)。
Holidays(2001): Jan. 1 (New Year's Day), Apr.16 (Easter Monday), 1 May (Labour Day), 4 May (Liberation Day), 24 May (Ascension Day), 4 June ( Whit Monday), July 14 (Fall of the Bastille), 11 November (Armistice Day), Dec.25 (Christmas Day).

行政区划:5个地区:向风群岛、背风群岛、土阿莫土群岛、土布丈群岛和马克萨斯群岛。
Administrative Districts: The Islands are administratively divided into 5 Circonscriptions.They are Windward Islands (Iles du Vent Papeete), Leeward Islands (Iles sous le Vent, Uteroa), Tuamotu Archipelago (Papeete), Austral or Tubuai Islands (Mataura), Marquesas Islands (Taio hae).
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